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Torque Wrench Calibration

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Torque wrenches have many uses in the automotive sector, including the assembly and disassembly of automobile engines, suspension parts, and lug nuts. Although torque wrenches are commonly used in the automotive industry, torque wrenches have far more extensive and diverse uses. Read More…

Torque Wrench Calibration Torque wrench calibration is the process during which a torque wrench is adjusted to ensure its accuracy and precision of a device. It is performed on new tools to show that it was manufactured with high accuracy as well as on used equipment to update it and keep the torque wrench performing at certain standards.
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Leading Manufacturers

North Haven, CT  |  203-484-3707

Custom Calibration Inc. specializes in on-site and laboratory calibration which will keep costly equipment downtime to a minimum and maximize your overall productivity. We have over 30 years of experience providing calibration services for mechanical, dimensional, scale, torque, humidity, and many more applications. Our company’s mission is to achieve total customer satisfaction by providing prompt, precise, tailor-made calibration solutions to fit your specific needs.

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Custom Calibration Inc. $$$

Merrillville, IN  |  800-373-1759

ISO/IEC 17025:2017 & ANSI/NCSL Z540.3 Accredited Laboratory. Electronic, dimensional, physical and thermodynamic calibrations performed onsite and in our lab. Professional ASQ Certified Calibration Technicians. We support the manufacturing and service sectors including; aerospace, automotive, chemical, electronic equipment, energy, food, industrial, machinery, medical, metal, military, nuclear, pharmaceutical, plastics, and transportation. Free local pickup and delivery. In business since 1977.

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Calibration Laboratory, LLC $$$

Chelmsford, MA  |  800-325-2201

Essco Calibration Laboratory provides calibration services for commercial test equipment. Our capabilities include electronic, fiber optic, mechanical, temperature, pressure, mass and torque instrumentation. ISO 17025:1999 accredited by A2LA.

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Essco Calibration Laboratory $$$

Monterey, CA  |  831-373-0200

Sierra provides accurate calibration services for mass flow meters and controllers, insertion thermal flow meters, vortex, and ultrasonic flow meters. With more than 40 years of expertise in gas, air, or liquid flow calibration, you can count on our team to make sure your flow meter operates with efficiency and pinpoint accuracy. We believe in providing personalized and customized service, and doing everything we can to maintain credibility with our clients. To get started, contact Sierra today!

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Sierra Instruments $$$

Scottsdale, AZ  |  602-437-0114

National Calibration Inc. (NCI) is a regional calibration and repair service company covering the southwestern United States and expanding into adjacent western states. NCI is based in Phoenix, Arizona and has additional service locations in Durango, Colorado; Albuquerque, New Mexico; Las Vegas, Nevada; Salt Lake City, Utah and San Antonio, Texas.

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National Calibration Inc. $$$

Roseville, MI  |  313-530-5083

Measurement & Machine Technology provides laser alignment, calibration measurement and laser calibration services on a wide variety of machine tools. We offer many years of experience and can service almost any make or model of machine. See our website for more.

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Measurement & Machine Technology $$$
placeholder image Custom Calibration Inc. Calibration Laboratory, LLC Essco Calibration Laboratory Sierra Instruments National Calibration Inc. Measurement & Machine Technology

Torque wrenches are used for the disassembly and reassembly of heavy-duty machines. Torque wrenches need to be calibrated regularly to guarantee the security and integrity of the mechanical equipment one uses.

Torque Wrench

Why Wrenches Need to be Calibrated

Overtightening lug nuts can impair the internal or external threads of a lug nut or a stud, resulting in accidents similar to those caused by loose lug nuts. A torque wrench is used to ensure that lug nuts are neither too tight nor too loose. Engineers calculate the appropriate torque for lug nuts so that they neither apply too much gripping force to the wheel-axle system nor too little. However, a torque wrench's internal mechanism is mechanical and needs adjusting after a given amount of use. Torque wrench calibration is necessary because torque wrenches tend to lose their accuracy over time.

The aim of employing a torque wrench to ensure that no over- or under-tightening occurs. This purpose is completely defeated by utilizing an uncalibrated torque wrench because one may never know the tension at which it is tightening a fastener.

While a car's lug nuts are easily accessible and may be checked routinely, many other important fasteners, such as the engine's cylinder head bolts and connecting rod bolts, are harder to reach and may only get checked when an engine is overhauled. However, an engine may only be overhauled once every 10 to 20 years if proper maintenance is otherwise performed. As a result, these bolts must be tightened to the proper torque the first time.

Digital Calibration

Determining Torque Wrench Calibration Frequency

  1. Maximum inaccuracy must be allowed for a torque wrench application. For instance, a +/-4% error is acceptable in most applications. Still, a torque wrench with a +/-2% error may be needed for precision engineering research projects because anything less could skew the findings.
  2. The frequency of use also influences how often one should calibrate a torque wrench. For instance, a torque wrench used daily to tighten 100 bolts in an auto shop is likely to lose accuracy more quickly than one used occasionally for home improvement projects.
  3. Another element affecting the calibration frequency of a torque wrench is its typical torque wrench load. If a torque wrench has a maximum torque limit of 100 N.M (Newton Meter, a unit used to measure the tightening torque of precision tools), it is best to avoid using it to torque nuts and screws that need a torque of more than 80 N.M. This N.M. value is a common rule of thumb that technicians and workshops frequently follow. A torque wrench may need calibration sooner than the stipulated time, around the halfway point of its range, if it is used more frequently close to its maximum value.
  4. The operating environment might also impact the frequency of torque wrench calibration due to how temperature affects the metallurgy of the materials used to create the torque wrench's parts. The accuracy of a torque wrench varies with the seasons because metals expand in heat and contract at cooler temperatures. However, the accuracy loss is small for most practical applications. For applications requiring precise engineering, however, this issue is more critical.
  5. Storage circumstances might also impact the accuracy of torque wrenches. For instance, there is a need to crank down the micrometer click-type torque wrench to its lowest setting to reduce spring tension and maintain precision while storing.

Torque Wrench Calibration Process

Regardless of how often the process may be needed, torque wrench calibration is important to ensure that both the torque wrench, and everything it works with, functions properly. There are professional facilities that perform this responsibility. Depending on the frequency of calibration, it may make financial sense to perform this procedure on your own. Either way, the calibration process remains the same.

  1. Rotate the torque wrench to the 20% position. Record the torque amount at which the torque wrench clicks using a torque-measuring instrument.
  2. Determine the error rate. For instance, if one sets a measuring instrument to 20 N.M. and the wrench reads 24 N.M., there is a 4 N.M. (20%) inaccuracy.
  3. Repeat steps 1 and 2 for torque levels of 60% and 100%, respectively.
  4. Unlock the locking nut on the click-type torque wrench and modify the spring tension system by the manufacturer's instructions.
  5. After completing these steps, shut off the torque wrench to see if the error has decreased to the desired range.
  6. It is a success if the error has been decreased to an acceptable level (+/-4% for mechanical click type torque wrenches above the 10 N.M limit and +/-6% for torque wrenches less than the 10 N.M limit) and alternatively, there is a need to repeat the above procedures if the error is still outside of acceptable bounds. If the torque wrench is out of an acceptable level, repeat the process until it finally is brought to the proper range.
Torque Wrench Calibration

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